What are the 5 food groups and why are they important?

As the MyPlate icon shows, the five food groups are fruits, vegetables, cereals, protein foods and dairy products. Try not to add more fat to starchy foods by adding butter, oil, spreads, cheese or jam; that just means adding more calories. The Eatwell Guide shows the proportions in which different types of food are needed to have a healthy and balanced diet. It's one of the main sources of vitamin B12, an important vitamin found only in animal foods, such as meat and milk.

Foods and drinks that are high in fat, salt, or sugar include chocolate, pastries, cookies, savoury snacks, and soft drinks high in sugar.